Healthy Living Patterns Towards Diabetes Mellitus: A Literature Review




activity, diabetes, diet, lifestyle


Health problems that occur due to an unhealthy lifestyle are chronic diabetes mellitus type 2. Prevention of this disease needs to be done by improving lifestyle. This literature review is to describe lifestyle patterns associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Database search used ProQuest, Science Direct, Pubmed, Cochrane Library, EBSCOhost, Sage Publications. The search keywords for articles were typed 2 diabetes, healthy lifestyle, healthy behavior, healthy living habits, healthy eating patterns, healthy activities, 31 articles were found and only 15 articles matched the analysis of objectives, suitability of topics, research methods used, sample size, ethics research, the results of each article, and the limitations. Results: The results showed that a healthy life was designed by habits in the family and the environment. Action against degenerative diseases that commonly occur in diabetes can be done by providing interventions to individuals, families, groups, and communities.


Ardıç, C., Yavuz, E., & Zeren Öztürk, G. (2018). Factors affecting healthy life style behaviors in workers working at a tea factory. Aile Hekimliği ve Palyatif Bakım, 11(3), 33.

Cavaliere, A., De Marchi, E., & Banterle, A. (2018). Exploring the adherence to the mediterranean diet and its relationship with individual lifestyle: The role of healthy behaviors, pro-environmental behaviors, income, and education. Nutrients, 10(2).

Christie, D., Hudson, L. D., Kinra, S., Wong, I. C. K., Nazareth, I., Cole, T. J., … Viner, R. M. (2017). A community-based motivational personalised lifestyle intervention to reduce BMI in obese adolescents: Results from the Healthy Eating and Lifestyle Programme (HELP) randomised controlled trial. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 102(8), 695–701.

Demou, E., Maclean, A., Cheripelli, L. J., Hunt, K., & Gray, C. M. (2018). Group-based healthy lifestyle workplace interventions for shift workers: A systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 44(6), 568–584.

Draper, C. E., Grobler, L., Micklesfield, L. K., & Norris, S. A. (2015). Impact of social norms and social support on diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour of adolescents: A scoping review. Child: Care, Health and Development, 41(5), 654–667.

Draper, Catherine Elizabeth, Tomaz, S. A., Zihindula, G., Bunn, C., Gray, C. M., Hunt, K., … Wyke, S. (2019). Development, feasibility, acceptability and potential effectiveness of a healthy lifestyle programme delivered in churches in urban and rural South Africa. Plos One, 14(7), e0219787.

Garralda-Del-Villar, M., Carlos-Chillerón, S., Diaz-Gutierrez, J., Ruiz-Canela, M., Gea, A., Martínez-González, M. A., … Fernández-Montero, A. (2019). Healthy lifestyle and incidence of metabolic syndrome in the SUN cohort. Nutrients, 11(1), 1–16.

Ibrahim, N., Moy, F. M., Awalludin, I. A. N., Ali, Z. M., & Ismail, I. S. (2016). Effects of a community-based healthy lifestyle intervention program (Co-HELP) among adults with prediabetes in a developing country: A quasi-experimental study. PLoS ONE, 11(12), 1–22.

Jilcott Pitts, S. B., Keyserling, T. C., Johnston, L. F., Smith, T. W., McGuirt, J. T., Evenson, K. R., … Ammerman, A. S. (2015). Associations Between Neighborhood-Level Factors Related to a Healthful Lifestyle and Dietary Intake, Physical Activity, and Support for Obesity Prevention Polices Among Rural Adults. Journal of Community Health, 40(2), 276–284.

Joy, P., Mann, L., & Blotnicky, K. (2018). Creation of university wellness program healthy eating and active lifestyle supports: A knowledge-To-Action process. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research, 79(1), 7–12.

Natalia, Z., Irina, H., Victoria, I., Irina, S., & Marianna, R. (2016). Efficiency of using the teaching technology while developing healthy lifestyle skills in arts students. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 16(1), 598–603.

Sharpe, P. A., Wilcox, S., Kinnard, D., &Condrasky, M. D. (2018). Community Health Advisors’ Participation in a Dissemination and Implementation Study of an Evidence-Based Physical Activity and Healthy Eating Program in a Faith-Based Setting. Journal of Community Health, 43(4), 694–704.

Williams, J. E., Helsel, B., Griffin, S. F., & Liang, J. (2017). Associations Between Parental BMI and the Family Nutrition and Physical Activity Environment in a Community Sample. Journal of Community Health, 42(6), 1233–1239.

Wood, W., & Neal, D. T. (2007). maintaining health behavior change. 71–84.




How to Cite

Trisnadewi, N. W., & Supinganto, A. (2022). Healthy Living Patterns Towards Diabetes Mellitus: A Literature Review. STRADA Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 11(1), 7–14.