Resilience of Parents who Have Children with Cancer




cancer stages, children, parents, resilience


Cancer is one of the diseases that causes death in children in the world. The incidence of cancer globally every year is as many as 300 thousand children. Cancer that occurs in children causes major reactions in parents that are often associated with trauma and shock. Parents suffer from psychosocial problems, financial tensions, social isolation and conflicts of work and family roles and reduced time for other children and recreational activities. The main key in overcoming the problem of children with cancer is resilience. Research on the resilience of parents who have children with cancer is still limited. The absence of a literature study in the form of a scoping review of the resilience of parents who have children with cancer has made researchers interested in conducting literature studies. A systematic review is needed to disseminate the relevant literature on the resilience of parents who have children with cancer.


American Psychological Association. (2020). Building your resilience.

Arksey, H., & O’Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19–32.

Bajjani-Gebara, J., Hinds, P., Insel, K., Reed, P., Moore, K., & Badger, T. (2019). Well-being, Self-transcendence, and Resilience of Parental Caregivers of Children in Active Cancer Treatment: Where Do We Go from Here? Cancer Nursing, 42(5), E41–E52.

Baran, G., Arda Sürücü, H., & Hülya Üzel, V. (2020). Resilience, life satisfaction, care burden and social support of mothers with a child with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: a comparative study. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 34(2), 340–347.

Children’s Cancer Institute. (2021). Cancer in children – what do the global stats tell us?

Eiser, C. (2004). Children With Cancer. Routledge.

Habibpour, Z., Mahmoudi, H., Nir, M. S., & Areshtanab, H. N. (2019). Resilience and its predictors among the parents of children with cancer: A descriptive-correlational study. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 25(1), 79–83.

Hoseinzadeh, F., Radfar, M., Moghaddamtabrizi, F., & Khalkhali, H. (2019). Effect of Resilience-based Group Therapy Intervention on Coping in Mothers of Children with Cancer: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res, 24(4), 291–295.

Hunter, A. J. (2001). A cross-cultural comparison of resilience in adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 16(3), 172–179.

Long, K. A., & Marsland, A. L. (2011). Family Adjustment to Childhood Cancer: A Systematic Review. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 14(1), 57–88.

Luo, Y. H., Li, W. H. C., Cheung, A. T., Ho, L. L. K., Xia, W., He, X. L., Zhang, J. P., & Chung, J. O. K. (2022). Relationships between resilience and quality of life in parents of children with cancer. Journal of Health Psychology, 27(5), 1048–1056.

Luo, Y., Li, H. C. W., Xia, W., Cheung, A. T., Ho, L. L. K., & Chung, J. O. K. (2022). The Lived Experience of Resilience in Parents of Children With Cancer: A Phenomenological Study. Frontiers in Pediatrics, 10.

Luo, Y., Wang, A., Zeng, Y., & Zhang, J. (2022). A latent class analysis of resilience and its relationship with depressive symptoms in the parents of children with cancer. Supportive Care in Cancer, 30(5), 4379–4387.

Luo, Y., Xia, W., Cheung, A. T., Ho, L. L. K. L. K., Zhang, J., Xie, J., Xiao, P., & Li, H. C. W. (2021). Effectiveness of a Mobile Device-Based Resilience Training Program in Reducing Depressive Symptoms and Enhancing Resilience and Quality of Life in Parents of Children With Cancer: Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 23(11), 1-N.PAG.,shib&db=lxh&AN=153981442&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Mezgebu, E., Berhan, E., & Deribe, L. (2020). Predictors of resilience among parents of children with cancer: Cross-sectional study. Cancer Management and Research, 12, 11611–11621.

Mohammadsalehi, N., Asgarian, A., Ghasemi, M., & Mohammadbeigi, A. (2020). Cancer resilience in parents of children with cancer; the role of general health and self-efficacy on resiliency. Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics, 0(0), 0.

Mustafa, A. M., Mustafa El-Ashry1, N., & Mahmoud2, S. (2019). Resilience and Psychological Wellbeing among Parents of Leukemic Child at 57357 Hospital. In Original Article Egyptian Journal of Health Care (Vol. 10, Issue 1).

O’Conner-Von, S. (2009). Coping With Cancer: A Web-Based Educational Program for Early and Middle Adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 26(4), 230–241.

Oi Kwan Chung, J., Ho Cheung, W. L., Tan Cheung, A., Long Kwan Ho, L., & Chi Fung Chan, G. (2022). Association of resilience with psychological well-being and quality of life for parents of children with cancer.

Park, M., Choi, E. K., Lyu, C. J., Han, J. W., & Hahn, S. M. (2022). Family resilience factors affecting family adaptation of children with cancer: A cross-sectional study. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 56.

Peters, M. D. J., Godfrey, C., McInerney, P., Soares, C. B., Khalil, H., & Parker, D. (2015). The Joanna Briggs Institute reviewers’ manual 2015: methodology for JBI scoping reviews.

Rosenberg, A. R., Baker, K. S., Syrjala, K. L., Back, A. L., & Wolfe, J. (2013). Promoting Resilience among Parents and Caregivers of Children with Cancer. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 16(6), 645–652.

Rosenberg, A. R., Bradford, M. C., C, J. C., and Taylor, M., Zhou, C., Sherr, N., Kross, E., Curtis, J. R., Yi-Frazier, J. P., Junkins, C. C., Taylor, M., Zhou, C., Sherr, N., Kross, E., Curtis, J. R., & Yi-Frazier, J. P. (2019). Effect of the Promoting Resilience in Stress Management Intervention for Parents of Children With Cancer (PRISM-P): A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Network Open, 2(9), e1911578.

Rosenberg, A. R., Wolfe, J., Bradford, M. C., Shaffer, M. L., Yi-Frazier, J. P., Curtis, J. R., Syrjala, K. L., & Baker, K. S. (2014). Resilience and psychosocial outcomes in parents of children with cancer. Pediatric Blood & Cancer, 61(3), 552–557.

Silva, J. S. da, Moraes, O. F., Sabin, L. D., Almeida, F. O., & Magnago, T. S. B. de S. (2021). Resilience of family caregivers of children and adolescents in treatment of neoplasms and associated factors. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 74(6), e20190388.

Stegenga, K., Liu, Q., & Haase, J. (2020). Resilience in pediatric oncology. In Pediatric Oncology (pp. 63–77). Springer.

Toledano-Toledano, F., Luna, D., Moral De La Rubia, J., Martínez Valverde, S., Bermúdez Morón, C. A., García, M. S., & Vasquez Pauca, M. J. (2021). Psychosocial factors predicting resilience in family caregivers of children with cancer: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(2), 1–13.

Tricco, A. C., Lillie, E., Zarin, W., O’Brien, K. K., Colquhoun, H., Levac, D., Moher, D., Peters, M. D. J., Horsley, T., Weeks, L., Hempel, S., Akl, E. A., Chang, C., McGowan, J., Stewart, L., Hartling, L., Aldcroft, A., Wilson, M. G., Garritty, C., … Straus, S. E. (2018). PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation. Annals of Internal Medicine, 169(7), 467–473.

Ye, Z. J., Guan, H. J., Wu, L. H., Xiao, M. Y., Luo, D. M., & Quan, X. M. (2015). Resilience and Psychosocial Function Among Mainland Chinese Parents of Children With Cancer. Cancer Nursing, 38(6), 466–474.

Ye, Z. J., Qiu, H. Z., Li, P. F., Liang, M. Z., Wang, S. N., & Quan, X. M. (2017). Resilience model for parents of children with cancer in mainland China-An exploratory study. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 27, 9–16.




How to Cite

Fransiska Riati Sutanti Tumanggor, Nur Setiawati Dewi, & Anggorowati. (2023). Resilience of Parents who Have Children with Cancer. STRADA Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 12(1), 12–27.