The Effect of Feeding Papaya Vegetables on Breast Milk Production in Breastfeeding Mothers


  • Marieta K.S Bai Department of Nursing, Health Polytechnic Ministry of Health, Ende, Kupang, Indonesia
  • Hiromi Ogasawara Nagoya City University, Nagoya, Japan



breast milk, milk production, papaya fruit


Breast milk is a fatty emulsion in a protein, lactose and organic that is secreted by the mammary glands of mother, as the main food baby. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of vegetables from papaya fruit to milk production in breastfeeding mothers. The research design is two group post test only control group design. The data were analyzed by univariate analysis, which treated the results of data in percentage form and bivariate analysis using Mann-Whitney test. The result obtained from univariate test analysis were most of the respondents (75.0%) with good milk production in treatment group and half of respondents (50.0%) with good milk production in the control group the Mann-Whitney test is p = 0.010 <α = 0.05. The conclusion of this research is there is influence of papaya fruits vegetation on breastfeeding production in breastfeeding mothers.


Altahira, S. (2019). Utilization of Local Papaya In Second-trimester Pregnant Women Toward The Breast Milk (ASI) Quantity In Kontunaga District, Muna Southeast Sulawesi 2019. Indonesian Journal Of Nursing And Midwifery, 7(3), 184–189.

Chakrabarti, S., & Chakrabarti, A. (2017). Food taboos in pregnancy and early lactation among women living in a rural area of West Bengal. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 8, 86–90.

Dewey, K. G., Cohen, R. J., & Rollins, N. C. (2004). Feeding of nonbreastfed children from 6 to 24 months of age in developing countries. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 25(4), 377–402.

Heryati, Kosma, & Widiyanti, D. (2019). Effect On Food Consumption Postpartum Mother’s Breastfeeding In Clinical Pratice Midwife In Bengkulu City. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, 9(5), 26807–26812.

Hidayati, L., Hadi, H., & Kumara, A. (2010). Kekurangan Energi Dan Zat Gizi Merupakan Faktor Risiko Kejadian Stunted Pada Anak Usia 1-3 Tahun Yang. Jurnal Kesehatan, 3(1), 89–104.

Ikhlasiah, M., Winarni, L. M., Poddar, S., & Bhaumik, A. (2020). The effects of papaya leaf juice for breastfeeding and working mothers on increasing prolactin hormone levels and infant’s weight in Tangerang. Enfermeria Clinica, 30(S5), 202–205.

Luecha, P., & Umehara, K. (2013). Thai medicinal plants for promoting lactation in breastfeeding women. In Thai medicinal plants for promoting lactation (Vol. 38, Issue 5).

Monika, N. L. G. M., & Yunita, E. (2021). Exploring Plant and Behaviour on Usada Herbal Galactagogue Usage among Lactating Mothers in Bali. Jurnal Farmasi Galenika (Galenika Journal of Pharmacy) (e-Journal), 7(1), 66–76.

Ncube, T. N., Greiner, T., Malaba, L. C., & Gebre-Medhin, M. (2001). Supplementing lactating women with puréed papaya and grated carrots improved vitamin A status in a placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Nutrition, 131(5), 1497–1502.

Ngadiarti, I., Agestika, L., Srimiati, M., & Fayasari, A. (2021). Sauropus androgynus, Papaya Leaves, and Mung Beans as Mixed Galactagogue Drink for Urban Postpartum Mothers. Jurnal Gizi Dan Pangan, 16(2), 101–108.

Pesak, E., Losu, F. N., Dompas, R., Lumy, F., Tirtawati, G. A., Pratiwi, D., Kusmiyati, K., Djojobo, F. A., Purwandari, A., Bongakaraeng, B., Legi, N. N., Walalangi, R., Tamunu, E. N., & Tangka, J. W. (2021). Impact of papaya (Carica papaya l.) on breast milk production enhancement of nursing mothers at teling atas public health center, wanea subdistrict, manado city. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 9(B), 240–243.

Sulistiawati, Y., Suwondo, A., Hardjanti, T. S., Soejoenoes, A., Anwar, M. C., & Susiloretni, K. A. (2017). Effect of Moringa Oleifera on Level of Prolactin and Breast Milk Production in Postpartum Mothers. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(2), 126–133.

WHO and UNICEF. (2003). Feeding and Nutrition of infants anf youmg children.




How to Cite

Bai, M. K., & Ogasawara, H. (2022). The Effect of Feeding Papaya Vegetables on Breast Milk Production in Breastfeeding Mothers. STRADA Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 11(1), 51–58.